Layout Possibilities

Copyright 1997 - 2017 by James B. Van Bokkelen . This document may be duplicated and distributed for non-commercial purposes only, all other rights reserved. Corrections and criticisms to .

More general B&M information and a bibliography can be found on my Unofficial Boston & Maine RR Page .

The B&M prior to 1970 could be divided up into eight basic modeling themes. Links to track charts of segments of each line below are from B&M Employee's Timetable #21, updated to April 1977. ETTs from the 1960s included a system map: this system map is from Employee's Timetable #4, January 4, 1964.

Eastern Division - Downeast Along the Coast ('P' prefix on Automatic Signal numbers)
Boston - Salem - Rockport
Beverly - Portsmouth
Western Division - Main Line through the Mill Towns to the Shore ('D' prefix on Automatic Signal numbers)
Boston - Reading - Plaistow
Newton Junction - Portland
New Hampshire Division - Main Line up the Merrimack Valley
Boston - Lowell - Goff's Falls
South Manchester - White River Junction
Fitchburg Division - Heavy Freights, Helpers and Electrification
Boston - West Fitchburg
Wachusett - Shelburne Junction
Bear River - Rotterdam Junction
Connecticut River Line - Joint Track towards Canada
Springfield - Greenfield - Brattleboro
Brattleboro - White River Junction
White River Junction - Wells River - Highlands
Cherry Mountain - Berlin, Waumbek Junction - Groveton
Suburban Branches
Mogul Country Branches
The North Woods
The Conway Branch
The Berlin Route

Until the Kittery - North Berwick segment was abandoned in 1952, the Eastern and Western routes each frequently saw passenger trains detoured from the other. I expect that's why the 'P' (Portsmouth) and 'D' (Dover) prefixes were applied to Automatic Signal numbers; prefix letters don't appear to have been used on other B&M Divisions.

What I've done covers the Eastern Route to Portsmouth pretty well, and the Western Route up to the Berwicks. I know the NH division to Lowell well enough, but I've only ridden the Fitchburg on fan trips long ago, and most of the Conn River only at night on Amtrak.

If anyone else has been making notes on lines I don't cover, I'd be happy to add them, with credit, so we all can find information when we need it.

Eastern Division - Boston to Portland via Salem & Portsmouth

Originally built as the Eastern RR between 1836 and 1840, this line followed the coast in Massachusetts and New Hampshire. Its eastern connection was the Portland, Saco & Portsmouth, completed in 1842. This was routed well inland due to early Maine laws protecting coastwise shiping. As part of their decades-long railroad war, the Eastern acquired the PS&P in 1872; the B&M responded by building its own route closer to the coast. The PS&P remained single-track; most of the North Berwick - Portland segment was abandoned in 1945, after CTC was installed on the double-track B&M line to the east. The portion from Portsmouth to North Berwick was abandoned in October 1952, but in prior years it carried between 25% and 30% of the Boston-Portland passenger schedules.

Because of tight clearances in the old Salem Tunnel, the line hadn't carried much through freight since the late 1920s, when locomotives and boxcars started to get larger. The tunnel was enlarged in 1957, as part of the project that eliminated the downtown grade crossings and replaced the station, but too late.

Passenger service was cut back to Newburyport in January 1965, whereupon the Merrimac River drawbridge East of the station was taken out of service. Thereafter local freights working each end separately. Passenger service was cut back to Ipswich in 1976, and freight service beyond Salem ended when the Beverly drawbridge burned in 1983. The MBTA re-instituted service to Newburyport in October 1998, after a major re-building that included replacing most bridges between Ipswich and Newburyport.

Major theme elements are large industrial areas in Everett, Chelsea and Lynn, salt-marsh crossings (including the B&M's longest straightaway, about 8 miles through Rowley, MA) and drawbridges over harbors and river estuaries. Before WWII, three of the four on-line draws were pile trestles with swing or bascule draw spans. The Merrimack River in Newburyport still has an interesting deck truss. It was originally built in 1888 as pin-connected and then strengthened with plate trusses along the track centerlines in 1922 (Fig. 10-47 and brief discussion in Paul Mallery's bridge book). The Piscataqua pile trestle in Portsmouth collapsed under a passenger train in 1939, pulled down by cables rigged from the highway bridge under construction alongside it. This lift bridge had a single track on its lower level, underneath the US 1 bypass. The 1940 bridge was demolished in 2017; its replacement has a single track too; the single-deck lift span can be aligned with either the road or the RR level under it. The bridge only carries occasional traffic to the Navy Yard in Kittery.

Eastern Route Main Line - on-line features

Conventions are: East is towards Portland, Right is towards the Atlantic, Diverge is facing point going East.

Everett: Mystic River bridge (Draw 7): pile trestle with 3-track folding/swinging drawspan (Fig. 13-11 in Bridge & Trestle Handbook by Paul Mallery, good photo coverage on-line via the Library of Congress). The two spans on the RH side failed one by one after about 1970. It was single-track for perhaps 10 years before being replaced with a prestressed concrete high-level bridge about 1990. Boston & Albany "Grand Junction Branch" to East Boston parallel on RH side. 0.5 mi beyond, Monsanto Acid Manufacturing Plant (1950s) on both sides of ROW served by both B&M (L) and B&A (R). Raw sulfur in piles delivered by ship, tank cars of many different acids shipped by rail. Next on the right Everett MTA/MBTA shops, New England Bolt Co. then Charleston Chew Candy plant. Everett Junction (2-track Saugus Branch diverges left before Rt. 16 overpass), then under the bridge (Broadway-Rt. 1, MTA trackless trolleys). After the bridge on left was Everett depot, on the right was B&A Tower E-5, which controlled access to the Esso and EG&F plants. Behind the tower was the Esso oil refinery (B&A 25 loaded tank cars/day). Next, on the right was Eastern Gas & Fuel Associates (EG&F) Coke Works, Mystic Iron blast furnace, and Warren Pipe & Foundry. The Coke Works was served by its own in-plant railroad (~20-30 miles of track with 7 operating 0-6-0s and 0-8-0s) which connected to both the B&A (20-30 loaded coke cars/day) and B&M (15-25 loads/day). A short branch line off the B&M (L) served industries between the Revere Beach Parkway and the main. Kianize Paint (L) was on the corner of Second St. at the Everett/Chelsea border.

Chelsea: B&A line parallel on R, RoW 4-6 tracks wide. Post-war produce terminal on R, served mostly by NYC/PC/CR in the years I remember it, received 100+ reefers/day into the early 1980s. Many light industries on both sides of RoW, area on R devastated by fire in 1973?. 5-track public delivery area on LH W. of Rt. 1 overpass, Post-1988 Chelsea station between Rt. 1 and Broadway, B&A line diverged RH toward East Boston E of Broadway overpass. Small yard w/assigned switcher (Chelsea Goat) on both sides between B&A curve and Eastern Ave. grade crossing

Revere: Trestle over branch of Chelsea Creek E of large brick Forbes Lithograph complex on RH, former Eastern RR main to East Boston converges RH, serves many oil terminals along Creek. Long straight fill from Rt. 1A overpass across Saugus marshes, trestle with bascule drawspan over Saugus River.

Lynn: G.E. River Works (jet engines, turbines and generators, several GE-owned 44-ton plant switchers into the 1970s) on river bank, with a middle track and outside running tracks which served the main GE plants on the LH and the WWII-built marine Gear Works on the RH. River Works station at grade crossing was not in timetable prior to MBTA era but scheduled stops were indicated by a timetable note. Small yard on LH adjoining other Lynn industries between GE and the elevated RoW of the 2-track Saugus branch converging on LH. West Lynn station on LH and West Lynn Creamery on RH along elevated 4 track RoW, several elevated spurs into 2nd story of industrial buildings, 2 track spur to plastics plant on RH (tank-hoppers of pellets). New Lynn station W of Central Square, old Lynn Station was E beneath elevated platforms w/umbrella sheds. Engine terminal (60' turntable, no coaling facility in 1937) was on RH just E of the station, closed early 1950s. New Haven-style concrete signal tower opposite. From there 4 track RoW continues in cuts and fills through closed East Lynn station past Durkee-Mower plant on LH (tanks of corn syrup for Marshmallow Fluff) almost to Swampscott.

Swampscott: 6-storey pillastered factory on RH, coal trestle on LH West of station (station still extant, in good repair). Marblehead Br. diverged RH just E of station, large lumber yard on LH beyond curve. 3/4 mi. E, lead to Lynn Sand & Stone diverged LH. This generated 30+ cars/day of aggregate and fill traffic to Boston points into the early 1970s and had its own center-cab switcher.

Salem: Castle Hill was the name of the crossover at W end of yard lead (cut back 1990s). Salem Branch from Marblehead converged RH at throat of freight yard W of town. The pre-1955 station was a unique building with a granite castellated facade facing the single track tunnel and a wood/steel 2-track trainshed extending W. Old station demolished as part of new tunnel project; 1957 replacement station was in a cut at W end of new tunnel, supplanted about 1990 by a third station E of tunnel on site of former engine house. The original tunnel was stone lined, with grade crossings at each end. Engine house lead and line to Peabody diverged LH at E portal, brick Salem Tower inside wye (extant). New concrete tunnel was still single track, but moved wye switch under a road overpass. Roundhouse (60' TT, 275 ton wood coal tower) closed before reconstruction ended. West leg of the Peabody wye sacrificed for new station in early 1990s. The Parker Bros. plant on RH opposite engine house/1990 station was demolished mid-1990s. Short branch to harborfront and power plant (Salem Willows) diverged RH just beyond Northey Point, which was where double track resumed.

Beverly: Pile trestle crossing Salem Harbor, steel swing span. Trestle burned 1984, replaced w/concrete trestle. E of river, switchback to in-street industrial track converging RH from across Cabot St. along North bank of river from Gulf Oil terminal. After a long rock cut, Beverly station on LH, converted to restaurant early 1960s. East of station, double track Rockport Branch diverges RH, small yard on LH, with 75' turntable in steam era, where commuter trains change ends. Far end of yard lead extended into huge United Shoe Machinery complex on L.

North Beverly: Station stood into 1980s when it burned, team track on RH E of station. End of double track 1/2 mi. E after 1959, then short upgrade through golf course.

Hamilton/Wenham: 70' turntable on RH West of station removed w/Essex Branch. Essex Branch (abandoned 19-Dec-1942) diverged RH at station. Old station on LH just W of Rt. 1A grade crossing demolished 1960s, small freight station remained as taxi office into 1980s. Lumber yard on LH East of Rt. 1A had two spurs with a diamond where they crossed.

Ipswich: 80 car CTC siding E of Ipswich River bridge (26.72) after 1959, former location of EB and WB sidings along double track. Post-1956 section house East of E siding switch. The original station on RH facing sharp LH curve was demolished in late 50s, replaced with liquor store, cafe and steel panel tower for gateman. All these buildings were replaced in the 1980s by the bank now on site. New platform built W of grade crossing mid-1980s. Several coal and lumber spurs: two on L along siding, one on each side E of old station. Concrete and girder RT 1A overpass (28.53) replaced 2012.

Rowley: through/deck girder bridge over Rowley River (30.94), B&M era station W of grade crossing 600 yd. E of bridge. Station burned and replaced 1930, replacement burned 1969, plan in January 1974 Model Railroader. Team track E. of station on LH with freight house (demolished circa 1959, site of new high-level platform and parking lot), section house opposite. Rt. 1A overpass (31.91) E of station in two segments - older concrete arch to E, later columns supporting span girders to W. Construction article with photos in April 2014 Railroad Model Craftsman.

Newbury: Two through girder spans over Parker River (33.25). Granite slab culvert between Kent's Island and Hay St. Pre-WWII depot on LH just E of Hay St, spur opposite. Granite slab culvert over Little River at Four Rock (Boston St. crossing, no bridge number on track chart) replaced in MBTA reconstruction.

Newburyport: Newburyport West at the Hanover St. crossing in Newbury was resumption of double track 1959 - 1965. Abutment of Georgetown, Rowley & Ipswitch trolley overpass on R 100 yd. E (fill approach removed 1999). City RR (2 mi. branch serving riverfront industries, no customers by 1969) diverged R. Originally built by Newburyport RR from Wakefield, diamond crossing removed before WWI. Used occasionally for holding cars until late 1970s, now site of new passenger train layover yard. US 1 overpass (36.06) initially built 1935, concrete deteriorated by 1970s, taken out of service about 1985, replaced 1996. East of US 1 overpass, Georgetown Sand & Gravel (incoming cement) plant on R, now main parking lot of new station. Newburyport Branch (built as Newburyport RR in 1870s) from Georgetown converged from L, crossed at diamond before WWI 3/4 mi. to Pond St. station. Post WWI, spur to freight house (old Newburyport RR station) diverged R, removed 1955. Team track w/loading platform on stub of spur used into 1970s.

East of Parker St. crossing, Owens-Illinois (post-1955, inbound tank-hoppers of plastic pellets, outbound boxcars of blow-molded bottles) on L, Prost Bakery (postwar, inbound covered hoppers of flour, converted to machine shop circa 1965) on R, Route 1 parallel on R. 5-track Low St overpass (36.90, only 2 spans used post WWII, removed circa 1985). Roundhouse (60' turntable, standpipe w/o tank) on RH, signal tower on LH (both closed 1941-2) West of High St. underpass (37.14). Washington St. grade crossing gates made automatic about 1951. 1887 brick/stone station on RH (Winter St. side) E of Washington St (burned 1969). Fill beyond station over Merrimack St. (37.37) to end of double track 1937 - 1964 at Merrimack River bridge (37.50) : 7 span double track deck truss, deck truss swing span, WB (upstream) track removed 1937, bridge out of service January 1965.

Salisbury (MP 39.32): Stone arch (37.83) carries Friedenfels Road under bridge approach, fills across marsh (now bike path) with single through girder span over marsh creek (now pipe culvert) to Mudnock Rd. overpass (39.07, filled circa 1984). Station on LH, short runaround opposite just west of MA 110 overpass (39.34, filled circa 1984). Amesbury branch diverged LH east of overpass. No freight customers post-WWII. Single span through girder overpass (39.99) over US 1 East of junction removed 2002.

Seabrook (MP 42.66): Station at MP 41.47 (by Rt. 286, I think) timetabled as Atlantic, but only a few trains made flag stops by 1958. Little freight activity except inbound comnstruction materials during nuclear reactor construction (1974 - 1984).

Hampton Falls: Freight station on LH at edge of Hampton River marsh crossing, no longer a passenger stop by the 1950s.

Hampton/North Hampton: Plastics plant on LH W of depot. 2-mile siding post-1937. Both stations still stand, Hampton as motorcycle dealership on RH W of NH 27 overpass, No. Hampton apparently residence on RH W of NH 111 overpass. HO scale kit of North Hampton station was offered by Sheepscott. Plastics plant and lumber yard in Hampton were the last industries served from Portsmouth. Rail removed Hampton - Portsmouth 2013.

Portsmouth (MP 56.91): Line from Manchester & Rockingham Jct. converges LH at Emery (MP 55.98). Current junction location dates to construction of US 1 Portsmouth Bypass in 1939. Double track Emery to Portsmouth removed circa 1960. Yard and roundhouse with 70' turntable on LH West of station. Roundhouse survived, partly collapsed, till 2013. Station (R) survived into 1990s, heavily modified, as a business. Sharp LH curve E of station, pass marine industries, main line curves RH onto lift bridge, former line to Dover continues straight along fill across cove. Dover line was severed at Dover Point draw in 1930s, presently active into Newington serving industries. WWII to 1980s spur to Pease AFB crossed the Spalding Turnpike at grade. Two 50,000 gal. water tanks listed at Portsmouth in 1937.

Kittery: Compact station on LH, downstream and below US 1 approaches to lift bridge, demolished after abandonment of line to No. Berwick in 1952. Navy Yard branch diverges RH along water, main ducked LH under highway, overpasses removed 2017, RoW now ME Route 236 through Eliot to Great Works.

Beyond Kittery, the Eastern Route passed through rolling farmland until it crossed the Western Route in North Berwick. From North Berwick to the outskirts of Biddeford was rockier and even less inhabited. A segment from Biddeford into Saco is still in use, terminating at an industrial park. Between Saco and Portland Terminal Tower 1 (west end of Rigby Yard, S. Portland) there were several long marsh crossings, still evident. Much of this route can now be walked/bicycled as the Eastern Trail.

Rockport Branch

Double track to Gloucester (MP 31.59), cut back about 1960 to Wilson (MP 31.25) with a spring switch interlocking at the Annisquam River draw due to drainage problems in the cut W. of Gloucester. Drawings of the Pride's Crossing (MP 22.17) depot were in the October 1958 Model Railroader. Bascule drawspans at Manchester and over the Annisquam River between West Gloucester and Gloucester. The November 1980 Model Railroader contains plans and a construction article for the Annisquam River Strauss Heel-Trunnion span, see also Fig. 13-30 in Mallery's bridge book. The LePage glue factory (now condos) is on the RH in West Gloucester, but by 1970, the only significant industry was Gorton Fish E of Gloucester station on RH side at sharp LH curve. Until Nov. 1961, well after locomotive-hauled trains were gone, there was a John Armstrong-style "reverted loop" on the RH side W of Rockport. Its switchpoints faced the stub station. Engines would cut off their trains, back around the loop, and couple up again for the return to Boston. Rockport was also the site of a pillar crane at the team track, and the last semaphore signal on the B&M - survived into the 1970s.

Marblehead and Salem Branches

Two branches entered Marblehead - one from Swampscott that carried commuters to Boston, but little freight, and one from Salem that served industries and carried mostly deadhead passenger moves between Marblehead and the coach yard and roundhouse at Salem. The line from Swampscott was abandoned when passenger service ended in 1959. See both R.W. Jones and Plant & Plant for extensive photos of the last days of steam on this line. The Salem branch was pruned back in several stages. The Salem end was torn up after Osram/Sylvania stopped using rail in the 1980s.

Danvers, South Middleton and South Reading Branches

Until the end of passenger service circa 1960, there was double track from the wye at Northey Point to just short of Peabody Sq. There the South Reading branch (which originally went through to Wakefield) diverges left for a mile or two to the Eastman Gelatine plant. The former South Middleton branch (originally Salem & Lowell) went straight. The Danvers branch diverged R. towards Danvers, where it joined the Topsfield Branch (former Newburyport RR from Wakefield Jct.). Until the new Salem Tunnel was finished in 1957, the Newburyport RR and Salem & Lowell were how the High Car Job moved oversized cars to and from the North Shore. Article/map on operation circa 1981 in Vol. 11 #2 (Spring 1982) Bulletin.

Essex Branch

The Essex branch was single track, with a small turntable and a few sidings at the terminus. Essex had some importance as a fishing port and shipbuilding center when the line was originally built, but in the end neither the freight nor passenger traffic justified retention even in the depths of WWII gas rationing. Always a haunt of 4-4-0s and other small power, usually operated as a shuttle connecting with mainline trains at Hamilton/Wenham.

Amesbury Branch

3.8 mi. branch, passenger service ended mar. 1936, abandoned 1972. Amesbury was a busy mill-town, built and shipped carriages & wagons, then later trolley cars and complete auto bodies via rail. Automotive industries were major shippers into 1950s, then moved/declined. Little passenger service after WWI era, due to trolley/bus competition. Small engine terminal (60' turntable) remained open after Newburyport closed, last steam 7/1/50. I believe that into the mid 1950s operations included the assigned 44-ton switcher running down to Newburyport to work industries there and exchange cars with main-line locals. Map, history and steam-era photos in Vol. 10 #3 (Spring 1981) Bulletin. Salisbury Point station preserved off-site, HO scale kit available. Amesbury station still extant as restaurant.


Pre-1952: Some through passenger trains to Bangor, semi-expresses to Portland, commuter service to Portsmouth, Rockport, Danvers/Topsfield, Marblehead (often via Saugus Branch to Lynn). Short turn points for commuter trains were Lynn (mostly Saugus Branch trains) Salem, Beverly, Hamilton-Wenham and Newburyport. Post-WWII freight service provided by a main-line local Boston - Portsmouth and haulers (one known as the "Camel") Boston to Salem, adding and dropping at Lynn and possibly Chelsea. Portsmouth Local was daily through the 1950s, then eastbound Mo/We/Fri, westbound Tu/Thu/Sat till the Merrimack River bridge went out of service Jan. 1965. Salem switchers operated as far as the Gulf Terminal and to Peabody. Locals from Salem ran to Rockport and Danvers/Topsfield. Until the Salem Tunnel rebuilding was complete in 1957, the "High Car" local operated Boston - Wakefield Jct. - Peabody - Northey Point for PRR X31 round-roof boxcars and other post-1930 house cars.

As of 1937, all B&M steam locomotives classes could work between Boston and Lynn. H-3 0-8-0s and T-1 2-8-4s were allowed between Lynn and Salem yard. The largest engines that could work through the Salem tunnel and beyond to North Berwick were K-8 2-8-0s and P-3 4-6-2s, though Maine Central 2-8-2s and 4-6-4s are allowed in some ETTs. The tunnel clearances were close, and the pile trestles at Beverly and Portsmouth probably restricted engine weights as well; the latter would have disappeared after the lift bridge was completed in 1940, but because the Squamscott River bridge in Greenland, NH on the line from Rockingham Junction was also frail, the restrictions were never worth updating.

In 1952, through passenger service to Portland ended and the track from Kittery to North Berwick was torn up. The Salem roundhouse was one of the last to serve steam, which persisted on commuter runs until Summer of 1956. In 1957, the new tunnel ended the need for a special "High Car" local, but many industries remained active in Peabody and Danvers, and the complex of branches between Salem and Wakefield Jct. was served from both ends. Passenger service ended on the Saugus Branch in May 1958, the Marblehead Branch in June 1959 and the Danvers Branch also in 1959. Passenger trains to Portsmouth were all RDC by Fall 1956.

Passenger service beyond Newburyport to Portsmouth ended in January 1965 and the Merrimack River drawspan was taken out of service. Thereafter, a local worked West from Portsmouth to Hampton and Amesbury, while symbol B-21 worked as a hauler Boston - Salem, and then ran to Newburyport Wed/Sat, Rockport Tue/Fri and Danvers/Topsfield Mon/Thu. After the East Somerville yard finally shut down except for local destinations about 1980, train SAED/EDSA brought cars to and from East Deerfield via Lowell and Mystic Jct.

Eastern Division Layout Possibilities

This is the part of the B&M I'm personally most familiar with, and I hope to be able to come up with a good plan. I am modeling Newburyport, with the City RR branch, but after the Georgetown line and the towers, roundhouse and yard were removed. My space pushed me in the direction of modeling the Newburyport draw, and I have a stand-in for Salem that makes the Towerman's job a hot spot, with engine terminal and coach yard East of the single-track tunnel, and the freight yard and passenger station to the West.

Industrial modelers can consider Eastern Gas & Fuel's complex: It included a tide coal handling, a large gas plant, coke handling, a blast furnace and a foundry, using steam switchers and interchanging with two common carriers. GE's River Works in Lynn also had a private plant railway which used a lot of girder rail and was electrified before WWI using home-built 'critter-style' locomotives. GE-44 ton diesels replaced them late in WWII.

Until the 1920s, much of the granite quarrying industry in Gloucester and Rockport was rail-served. Lynn Sand & Stone owned a diesel switcher into the 1970s.

The branchline modeler has possibilities in the Essex Branch (very relaxed, mostly passenger service in later days) and the Amesbury Branch (mostly freight after the streetcars took all the passengers before WWI, but interesting freight - carriages and streetcars, later automobile bodies). The mesh of lines between Salem, Peabody and Wakefield, Lowell, Lawrence and Haverhill offer a wide variety of rural New England settings and traffic densities.

High-Speed Main Lines - The Western and New Hampshire Divisions

Immediately after WWII, both the Western and New Hampshire Routes were high-capacity, high-speed track with heavy passenger and freight service. 70 MPH was allowed except for sharp curves and through busy terminals. The Western Division was double track from Sullivan Sq. in Charlestown to Portland Terminal Tower 1 at the west end of Rigby Yard in So. Portland. The New Hampshire Division was double track to Concord NH, where the passenger service divided to reach Plymouth and Woodsville on the former Boston, Concord & Montreal, and White River Jct. via the former Northern RR. From about 1930, most freight used the easier grades to WRJ.

The original Boston & Maine RR was built between 1833 and 1843 from a connection with the Boston & Lowell in Wilmington, MA to North Berwick, Maine via Haverhill and Dover. The B&M opened its own route from Wilmington Jct. through Reading and Malden to Boston in 1845. The connecting Portland, Saco & Portsmouth handled B& and Eastern RR trains through to Portland, MA.

After the Eastern acquired the PS&P in 1872, the B&M built its own line to Portland through Wells, Kennebunk and Old Orchard. The new line was built close to populaton centers, where the old PS&P had been required to stay more than 100 feet above sea level by the shipping lobby. The PS&P track remained in service after the B&M took over the Eastern in 1883 as a single track bypass route for freight and through passenger (it missed most of the timetable passenger stations) until 1945, when the B&M route was completely double tracked with bi-directional CTC from Dover to P.T. Tower 1.

The New Hampshire Division main was originally built by the Boston & Lowell, Nashua & Lowell, and Concord RRs. I'm treating the two divisions together because 1) the mill towns they served were quite similar in industry and architecture, and 2) both lines were more or less water level and double-tracked, with lots of B&M branches, but no other RR presence (except the New Haven at Lowell).

Western Division - Boston to Portland via Dover

Western Route Main Line - On-line features

Medford Jct.: Mystic River bridge: pile trestle with 4-track folding/swinging drawspan (Draw 8), replaced with concrete high-level bridge when MBTA Orange Line was extended parallel to B&M in 1976. Industrial area E of bridge, stub of branch to Medford Sq. diverges L.

Malden: Though not a stop after late 1950s, the B&M station still stands on Summer St., in use as a restaurant. The grade crossing elimination pre-dates new Orange Line rapid transit construction (1974 - 1977). Industries served by steep ramps on R West of station. Intended 3rd Orange Line track continues to be used by Reading/Haverhill commuter service, with all trains stopping at Malden's high-level platform. A RR-accessible high-level platform exists at Oak Grove, but is only used in emergencies.

Wyoming: Since 1977, begin double track at Fells interlocking W. of station, in industrial area. Crossing tender at station into 1960s. Small public delivery yard.

Melrose: (now Cedar Park). E. of station, fill, through girder road overpasses, cut through rocky outcrop, concrete arch overbridge.

Wakefield: Greenwood Station has crossings at both ends. The east end is still tended in 2018. Greenwood station was featured in a Sept. 1961 Model Railroader article by Al Armitage titled Ticket to Tomahawk, with plans published later as My Favorite Station. Track runs along E. bank of Crystal Lake (reservoir). Newburyport Branch (cut back to Topsfield in 1940) diverges RH at Wakefield Jct. (station was located between diverging lines). Industrial area, then Wakefield Sta. (crossings at both ends, brick building still standing, occupied by bank). E. of station, through wetland area, 60 car center siding under Rt. 128, propane distributor on RH. Wakefield Center station (on branch) still stands, as a restaurant.

Reading: End of double track and signal territory W of station (Ash Street) after Portland passenger service was re-routed to the Wildcat in 1959. Station still standing as restaurant in maroon/cream paint. 0.5 mi. E, Reading Highlands station, with commuter yard, engine terminal with 60' turntable, roundhouse, 50,000 gal. wood water tank on LH of main (no coal facilities as of 1937). Reading Highlands engine terminal, coach yard and station closed at end of steam, site now condos.

North Wilmington: Line runs mostly through wetlands from Reading to Lowell Jct. Several post-WWII industries on both sides of main W of station. Small passenger station at Rt. 62 grade crossing was demolished in the 1990s.

Wilmington Jct.: Single-track Wildcat (original B&M when it initially reached Boston via the Boston & Lowell) from Wilmington (NH Division) converges LH. Before 1959 the interlocking included crossovers beginning bi-directional CTC E to Lowell Jct. Remnant roadbed of the Salem & Lowell, which crossed here till about 1935, can be found in the woods. Industries E. of junction: Reichold chemical plant and Gillette factory on LH, warehouses on RH still active into 1990s.

Lowell Jct.: Lowell Branch enters via wye from LH. All legs of wye double track pre-1950. Combination station/tower building at Boston corner of wye till 1961, plan in Vol. 17 #2 Bulletin. Ceased to be a stop for remaining passenger trains when station demolished. W. of station, fill and bridge over Shawsheen River. EB track from here to Frye (W of Shawsheen Village) removed circa 1976. Partially replaced via a 'stimulus grant' in 2009, but Ballardvale remains single track in 2018.

Ballardvale: Team track, small passenger shelter on LH opposite current passenger platform, small mill complex on RH. Mill site turned into large condo complex in the 1990s.

Andover: Brick mill complex on LH West of station, stone Richardson-esque station on RH (now a restaurant, platform sheds demolished late 1980s). Plans for freight house on LH East of old station (beside current platform) in July 1993 Mainline Modeler.

Shawsheen Village: stone station on LH just E. of road underpass, still standing, not restored as a stop when passenger service returned in 1980s. 8 story concrete pillastered mill complex on LH E. of station, with spurs, coal pocket closer to Shawsheen River. Fill across Shawsheen valley to South Lawrence, I-495 overpass after about 1965. EB track from W of station (timetable Frye) to Andover St. in Lawrence retained as freight lead after 1976, returned to main line status 2014.

Lawrence: engine terminal (roundhouse extant into 1990s as warehouse) on RH, 2 yard tracks to R of main. Skewed through truss road overbridge, deep rock cut with foot overpass at W. throat of yard - double-ended yard w/freight house (RDC layover point 1965 - 1974) at E end, mill complex along RH edge, busy grade crossing w/tender into mid-1970s at E. throat (Andover St). Lawrence Tower (demolished about 1973) on LH at point where industrial spur (former Southern Div. track from Lowell) converges LH. At tower, double track resumes 1976-2014, long sidings on either side of main began, ran to Shawsheen River bridge at North Andover line. Easterly siding ("Track 17") restored to service 2012. Manchester & Lawrence branch diverges in wye on LH to cross Merrimack River on deck truss, main curves RH sharply (45 MPH). Brick 1930s passenger station on LH (later bakery), with 2 mail/express loading spurs (short steel umbrella sheds demolished 1990s). Long umbrella shed on center platform, access originally via underpass, stair from street remains at W. end. Past old station, industries on either side, new station/garage on LH past Union St. overbridge. Large brick mill complex 1/2 block LH along Merrimack River with various spurs (inactive since 1980s).

No. Andover: Final Shawsheen River bridge (26.92), I-495 overpass (post-1964). Machine Shop branch (former Essex RR, cut back from Danvers in 1930s) diverges RH just W of station, climbs sharply and passes behind station (lawnmower shop, heavily modified) at Sutton St. grade crossing. Main line follows Merrimack River (on LH) closely for 2 mi., speed restricted to 60 MPH, turns inland past large Western Electric plant on RH, climbs to Ward Hill (W of Rt. 125 connector overbridge). Plastic pellets still unloaded at plant on RH in North Andover in 2010.

Bradford: Main descends E from Ward Hill on fill, parallels river, small yard, 1956 - 1990 site of corrugated metal freight house and cement terminal on LH (now site of MBTA station and layover yard), Bradford Station on LH (now laundromat), former line to Georgetown diverged RH as main climbs, turns sharply L to cross Merrimack River on steel bridge: track-height stone piers, 3 hanging deck truss spans, 1 through truss span.

Haverhill: Deck and through girder bridge approach W of station. 2-story station at street level on RH in Railroad Sq. demolished about 1960. Platforms elevated, entrance via tunnel and stairs at W end from Washington St. at underpass. W end of slate-roofed wooden platform sheds remained into 1990. New station parking lot on LH of WB platform on site of "island track" and RR-served coal/lumber yard. Line continues elevated to W end of yard (now CP Hall). Five coal trestles along elevated portion between station and freight house. On LH at yard, 8-stall engine house and 60' turntable. Steam engine service ended here about 1955. The plans in September 1980 Model Railroader show a coal trestle, not listed in the B&MRRHS reprint 1937 Characteristics Charts . Two tanks, 50,000 and 60,000 gallons are listed; one was wood, 20' dia. beside the roundhouse. The MR yard track plan also has some errors - compare it with the photos. The upgrade to the W indicated on the plan is the approach to the grade separation through the station. The freight house is still extant on RH below main line just E of last road overpass. East of engine house, yard ends at Little River bridge, in undeveloped area.

Plaistow: Large woodworking plant formerly on LH W of NH Rt. 121A grade crossing. End of double track after about 1970. Station on LH (recently renovated) E of crossing.

Newton Jct: pre-1960, station on RH W of grade crossing, 100 car sidings on either side of double track main E of grade crossing. Merrimack branch (abandoned 1960s) diverged RH in wye E of grade crossing.

Powwow River: cross lake on fill, flagstop signal mast on RH. Spur (occupied by privately-owned wood former B&M caboose in 1960s) on L, NH 107A overpass to E.

East Kingston: Freight house on L (destroyed 1990s after spur removed), 2 story frame station/residence (extant, maintained as museum) on RH West of NH 107 crossing.

Exeter: Wood and brick mill complexes on both sides circa 1950, some still active rail customers into 1970s. Downeaster station on RH just W of stone B&M station (extant) on RH, overpass, descends to parallel Squamscott River (tidal marshes) on RH.

Newfields: siding pre-1960, post-war industry, main turns L away from Squamscott River. Post-1970, mid-point of controlled siding ending at Rockingham Jct. to East.

Rockingham Jct.: Manchester - Portsmouth branch crossed on diamond until abandoned Manchester - Rockingham in late 1970s. SE wye tight radius, SW wye broader, included runaround. Station in NW quadrant (extant, recently rebuilt), 100,000 gal. steel water tank (footings extant) E of it on LH, freight house in SE quadrant, served from EB main, destroyed post-2000. End of double track W of wye switches mid 1960s to 1970. Plan of station in September 1957 Model Railroader , HO scale kits of station and freight house offered B.E.S.T.

Newmarket: Lift-up crossing barrier in service at NH 108 grade crossing into 1950s. Station still standing on RH. Long spur from mill buildings by river converges RH E of station.

Durham: Station still standing E of road overpass, in use by Downeaster. Rotating flag stop signal opposite still largely intact in 2012.

Madbury: Large gravel pit active into 1970s on LH

Dover: Dover Arch - 100 foot tunnel through a ridge with a street passing over (end of double track 1957 - 1960s), downgrade into Cocheco River valley, cross on steel deck truss. On E bank, stubs of former Cocheco RR (Portsmouth - Dover - Rochester - Laconia) converge RH and LH, final passenger station (1 story yellow brick, flat roof, built late 1950s) on RH until replaced by new station for Downeaster. Earlier 3 story yellow brick station and division HQ was on RH between grade crossings just E. Photos, track/signal diagram in February 1965 Model Railroader. Photos, discussion of circa-1950 operations in Vol. 22 #3 Bulletin. Through truss over road (begin double track post 1957), yard on both sides. Office, freight house on LH, engine terminal on RH at E end, against embankment for road overpass closed circa 1982, brick roundhouse still extant (85' turntable, wood coal tower, two 50,000 gal. wood tanks).

Rollinsford: After 1960, end of double track from Dover, wye (power switches) to Conway branch on LH, deck truss over Salmon Falls River to E.

So. Berwick: Deck truss over Salmon Falls River. East of town, former Eastern RR roadbed from Kittery parallels B&M 100-400 yards on RH to No. Berwick.

No. Berwick: Eastern RR from Kittery (abandoned 1952) converges RH. 100,000 gal. tank in steam era. Station on RH side still extant. Short CTC siding through town from removal of double track until Downeaster track rebuilding. East of station, Eastern RR to Biddeford (abandoned 1945) continued straight, B&M swings RH towards Wells and coast.

Wells: Current Downeaster station on RH W of I-95 overpass. B&M station at MP 84.85, close to US 1.

Kennebunk: 50,000 gal. tank. Station still extant, W of ME 35. Site of two boxed pony truss road overpasses into the 1990s.

Biddeford: Former Eastern RR converges LH near Alfred Rd. (beginning of double track after 1960s) and ran parallel. 'AR' Tower located at Alfread Road, controlled CTC in the area until the 1970s. Eastern RR stub serving industrial park in Saco diverges LH. 50 ton coal bin, hand shoveled. One-stall enginehouse for the switcher (a GE 44-tonner after WWII) survived into the 1970s.

Saco: Water standpipe, no tank. Present Downeaster station on RH on island between two dams/waterfalls of the Saco River.

Ocean Park: End of double track from AR post 1968.

Old Orchard Beach: Track runs 1 block W of main drag along beach w/many cottages, businesses, amusement park.

Pine Point:

Scarboro Beach:

Portland Terminal Tower 1: End of B&M track at W end of Rigby Yard. Clapboard tower discontinued in 1950s.

Newburyport Branch: - Wakefield Jct. - Danvers - Georgetown - Newburyport

The former Newburyport Branch Railway was built from Wakefield Junction on the then B&M through Lynnfield, West Peabody, Danvers, Topsfield, Georgetown, Byfield (Newbury) to Newburyport, to compete with the Eastern RR. Sortly afterward, a line was built from Georgetown to Bradford station in Haverhill, MA. By 1890, it had junctions with the South Reading branch to Peabody in Wakefield, the Salem & Lowell from Peabody at West Peabody, and the Danvers Branch (Essex RR, also from Peabody) at Danvers.

In 1941, the track was abandoned from Topsfield to Newburyport and removed between Georgetown and the paper mill in Haverhill. Passenger service to Topsfield lasted till 1950, when it was cut back to Danvers, then in 1959 to a short turn at Wakefield Center that only lasted a couple more years. The line from Danvers to Topsfield was abandoned about 1970, as was the remnant of the Salem & Lowell from Peabody to South Middleton. The remaining bits continued to have some local freight traffic into the late 1990s, but is now all being made into a rail trail.

From the mid-1930s to 1957, the segment from Wakefield to West Peabody was used by the High Car Job, which handled cars too big to fit through the Salem Tunnel. It then used the Salem Branch (former Salem & Lowell) to Peabody and the small yard at Northey Point in Salem. A manual interlocking remained in service at the West Peabody diamond into the 1960s (I saw the plant used for an RRE fan trip in 1968, though it had been removed from the Employee's TT by 1966).

The RoW is visible at many places; the segments from Newburyport to Danvers and Haverhill are maintained for vehicle access to power lines. From Danvers to Wakefield is heavily overgrown, though the RoW is quite visible at its bridge over Rt. 114 and the grade crossing with US 1 in Peabody.

Merrimack Branch

Built primarily to serve mills near downtown Merrimack, MA, this branch lost its last customers in the 1970s and was torn up. The MA portion is a rail trail, and several bridge abutments are still extant.

Manchester & Portsmouth Branch - Manchester, NH (NH Division) to Portsmouth NH (Eastern Route)

Originally built from Portsmouth to Concord, NH, but purchased by the Concord RR. In order to maintain its Manchester - Concord monopoly, the CRR hoodwinked the State into allowing it to reroute the line to Manchester. It joined the B&M when the CRR was leased.

On-line traffic was mostly local deliveries with a few industries and gravel pits shipping outbound. Two daily round-trips provided passenger service into the 1950s. The mixed that replaced them was discontinued ?1958?. Overhead traffic included tide coal and petroleum from Portsmouth, but never justified rebuilding to main line standards. As ties rotted and on-line industries closed, the Manchester - Rockingham Jct. portion was abandoned and torn up in the 1970s. It is now a rail trail. Rockingham Jct. to Portsmouth still handles several freight moves a week.

Raymond: Raymond, NH depot is preserved, with several pieces of equipment including steel caboose C-32.

Epping: Worcester, Nashua & Portland line crossed west of Calef Rd. (NH Route 125). SE leg of wye left in place after WN&P abandoned to connect remnant line to Fremont, NH.

Rockingham Jct.: Diamond crossing of Western Route, double track till about 1970. Station still stands, diamond and all but the SE wye leg removed. Line remains in service from here to Portsmouth.

Greenland: Station still stands.

Conway Branch - Rollinsford, NH (Western Route) to Intervale NH (Maine Central Mountain Division)

This line was originally built as the Portsmouth, Great Falls & Conway primarily for lumber traffic This declined as the old growth was cut, and by WWII vacation passenger traffic and inbound local freight traffic predominated. After WWII the route of the summer-only Mountaineer, a vacation-oriented express from Boston to Fabyans on the Maine Central. Despite impressive timings for RDC trains in the later 1950s, passenger service ended in 1961.

Abandoned from West Ossippee to Intervale in 1973. Rollinsford - West Ossippee sold to gravel pit operator's New Hampshire North Coast RR. Conway Center - Intervale sold to Conway Scenic Railway. Article on modeling the branch in December 1988 Model Railroader, including building the ornate North Conway station (extant). North Conway station has also been offered as an HO kit.






West Ossippee:


Silver Lake:

Center Conway:

North Conway: Short, steep grade up from floodplain to station area level with town. Ornate 2-story station RH, small yard, 85' turntable, 4-stall roundhouse, freight house, small yard LH.

Intervale: Maine Central Mountain Division line from Fryeburg, ME converges RH. Two double-ended sidings, small station demolished late 1950s.

New Hampshire Division - Boston to Concord, NH

Mystic Junction: Summit of Yard 7 and Yard 8 humps, receiving yard converges LH. 4 tracks under Rt. 28 overpass, into cut.

Somerville Junction: Hill Crossing Freight Cutoff (originally Lexington Branch) diverges LH. Many industries on either side of tracks here to Medford.

Medford Hillside: Not a station in the 1950s, but after the MBTA bought the RoW and equipment, for a number of years some trains stopped at College Ave. Large industries (Stone Container plant and others) on LH approaching Alewife Brook Parkway. Concrete arches over parkway and the Mystic River.

West Medford: Grade crossings for local street, Route 60. Station formerly on LH. Center siding ran from station considerable distance towards Wedgemere.

Winchester (MP 7.82): Tracks elevated circa 1954 through Wedgemere (MP 7.34) past Winchester and some distance towards Woburn and Montvale. Elevated stations, Winchester Tower at ground level on LH. Crossovers where Woburn Loop (stub abandoned 1981) diverged LH. Bi-directional double track from here to Wilmington post-WWII. Small yard for switching industries on LH before Cross St. underpass. Larger yard on LH at Montvale (Stoneham Branch diverges RH).

Wilmington (MP 15.20): Present Mishawum station on LH by Rt. 128 overpass, crosses marshy area with a number of large industries in South Wilmington. Present Anderson station on site of chemical plant. Woburn Loop converges LH at North Woburn Jct. (MP 13.97). Pre-1990, three signalled tracks to Wilmington, station on RH. Rightmost track diverges to Wildcat line to Western Route at Wilmington Jct. Yard, office, site of coach yard and engine house in angle between the lines. Large industry on LH.

North Billerica (MP 21.79): At East Billerica (MP 19.22) lead to Billerica Shops complex diverges LH. With remnant of former Bedford - Billerica line to North Billerica, formed a wye which remained in service into the 1970s. Branch converges LH, ran parallel to main for several hundred yards through station area; Station on LH N of road overpass. Post-WWII industrial park on either side of main here almost to Lowell, but no large customers that I know of.

Lowell (MP 25.55): Yard lead began on RH well S. of I-495 overpass. Bridge over Nashua River is stone arch (possibly Boston & Lowell vintage) for main on LH, pile trestle for yard tracks on RH. Southerly yard mostly disused since 1970s. Bleachery (MP 24.66) yard on LH approaching junction with double-track Stoney Brook Branch from Lowell Jct. Yard office, RIP track and engine service on N. side of Stoney Brook. Long industrial spur into Lowell mill buildings diverges by office. N. of junction, abutment remained from former competing line to Lawrence, with steep curving ramp Left and up from NH Div. main line to access industries. Lowell Tower on LH at wye where New Haven line from Framingham enters. Yard continues on RH under Lowell Connector, tracks used for mainline pickups/setoffs. Lowell station (2 platforms, 4 tracks), late 1950s McGinnis station on RH. Old station located N. of cut where industrial spur to mills downtown diverges RH. Main turns sharply LH towards Middlesex and North Chelmsford.

Middlesex: Engine terminal and coach yard next to Merrimack River on RH of the main line tracks, abandoned at the end of locomotive-hauled passenger service to Lowell. Last steam serviced in 1955.

North Chelmsford: Stony Brook Branch wye on LH, station was located inside wye.





Bow Jct.: North end of the Suncook Loop, which was retained until the Suncook Valley RR was abandoned in 1952. The bridge piers are still visible on R.

Concord: Large Blue Seal feed mill on L as line runs close to the Merrimack River. Former Concord Shops buildings (closed Summer 1958) on either side of the main, location of engine terminal until end of steam circa 1952. Tower on L at overpass at S. end of freight yard, also on L. Passenger station with arched trainshed was on the L at N end of yard, demolished circa 1960. 1-story flat roofed cinder block station replaced it, remained as bus station through late 1980s. Boston, Concord & Montreal main to Laconia, Plymouth and Woodsville (severed 1954, thenceforward the White Mountain Branch) diverges R. and crosses the Merrimack river on a through truss bridge. Contoocook Branch (later Claremont & Concord RR diverges left as the main to White River Jct. turns left. Ball signal where freight yard entrance track crossed B,C&M track.

Fitchburg Division - Boston to Fitchburg, Greenfield, Troy & Mechanicville/Rotterdam Jct.

The Fitchburg RR completed the initial segment to Fitchburg, MA in 1845. The line up the grade through South Ashburnham, Gardner and Athol to Millers' Falls was completed by the Vermont & Massachusetts in 1848 and extended to Greenfield, MA in 1850. The Troy & Greenfield completed its route in 1875 when the Hoosac Tunnel was opened. The Boston, Hoosac Tunnel & Western built parallel to the T&G and then from Johnsonville to Mechanicville and Rotterdam Jct. in 1879. The Fitchburg had acquired quite a few other lines before the B&M leased it in 1900.

Conventions are: West is towards Rotterdam Jct., Right is towards Canada, Diverge is facing point going West.

Union Sq.: Boston & Albany/NYC/PC/CR/CSX Grand Junction Branch crosses on diamonds, receiving tracks for Mystic Jct. hump yard crossed above in multi-track through truss bridge removed circa 2000. Double track main with industrial running tracks on either side from beyond B&A diamonds to West Cambridge.

Cambridge: 2-story station with pedestrian overpass on R demolished circa 1960. Industrial running tracks passed through platform paving.

West Cambridge: Watertown Branch diverges L., Lexington Branch (former through route to Billerica) diverges R. Small freight yard on R (now MBTA maintenance facility), local industries in Fresh Pond area on both sides of tracks.

Hill Crossing: Hill Crossing Freight Cutoff (former Central Mass. RR route from Somerville Jct. on NH Route) converges R. Central Mass. single track parallel on R to Clematis Brook through 1954.

Belmont: Station elevated above street level.

Waverly: Tracks depressed for grade crossing elimination in early 1950s, which also eliminated the separate Central Mass. line.

Clematis Brook: Central Mass. Branch diverges R, interlocking and crossover after grade separation project.

Beaver Brook: After 1958, east end of single track segment to Waltham implemented to provide clearance for TOFC traffic.

Waltham: Watertown Branch (later Bemis Branch after it was severed) converges L. Station on R demolished circa 1960, tower on L remains. Post-1980 station West of grade crossing.

Willows: After 1958, west end of single track segment from South Acton (double track being restored 2012). Stony Brook Branch from North Chelmsford converges RH. Wide RoW on RH was formerly a separate Stony Brook track to Ayer. Facing point 2-track RDC yard located on this roadbed 1960 - 1980s.

Ayer: Tower, former station on RH. Wye to Worcester line on LH, yard at Worcester end of wye. Branches to Hollis, NH (former Worcester, Nashua & Portland main) and Greenville NH diverged RH W of station.

..... under construction .....

Johnsonville: Troy Branch (passenger route, abandoned 1970s) diverges left at JV Tower (construction article in Nov/Dec 1991 Mainline Modeler)

Central Massachusetts - Somerville Jct. to Northampton, MA (Conn. River)

Line from Somerville Jct. to Hill Crossing in West Cambridge became the Freight Cutoff about 1927. Crossed Lexington Branch at Fens Crossing near Alewife Red Line station. Abandoned when the MBTA's Red Line was extended through Davis Sq. in Somerville.

Line from Hill Crossing to Clematis Brook abandoned as part of the 1950s Belmont grade separation.

The original through route was abandoned between the trackage shared with the Worcester - Ayer line in Clinton, MA and Wheelwright MA during the 1930s. Passenger and freight service continued from Clinton, MA (engine terminal) to Boston. Not long after the last steam trip on 4-May-56, passenger service was cut back to Hudson, MA and the line from Marlboro to Clinton Jct. was abandoned.

Passenger service was cut back to South Sudbury, MA in 1965. South Sudbury (diamond crossing of Old Colony Framingham - Lowell line) to Marlboro MA was abandoned in the late 1960s. The line from Clematis Brook through Waltham to South Sudbury was abandoned as passenger service ended about 1972. Most rail and bridges remain in place as NIMBYs fight rail-trail proposals.

Ashuelot Branch - Dole Jct. (Conn. River) to Keene NH (Cheshire Branch)

Scott Whitney's article on modeling the branch in May, June 1997 Railroad Model Craftsman

Maintained by

James B. VanBokkelen (